One of our Volunteers, Chiara, tells us about her experience in the Horniman Library.
‘I’ve been working as a Librarian in a public library for ten years, back in Italy.
When I moved to London, I lost contact with what had meant so much to me: dealing with the public (especially kids, since I was mostly working in the library’s children section) handling books everyday (the smell of paper...and dust! How wonderful!) and being in daily touch with local communities. At the beginning of my time in London, I felt a little bit lost.
So when I had the opportunity to join the taster session for Volunteers at the Horniman, I was very excited. Somehow I felt I could be again part of something special.
Discovering books in the Horniman Library
I volunteered with Engage for some months and this reminded me of the brilliant curiosity of children. I also took part in the Half Term activities and I could breathe again the happy atmosphere of families playing and learning together. But there was still something missing for me.
Anytime I could, I started sneaking into the Library to help Helen, the librarian, mending the children’s books. When a volunteering role for a library project arose, I couldn’t resist applying. Then the magic happened, I was working again in a library in the reclassification project!
Now, anytime I go to the shelf, pick a book, browse through it and discuss with Helen the most suitable place for visitors to find it, I feel the ‘librarian thrill’ again.
When I handle the ancient books of the special collection, touching them very gently to respect their age and fragility, I feel again as if I was in one of the ancient libraries I used to attend in Rome.
Examining books in the Horniman Library
I feel a little bit homesick, but also home again, because if home is where your heart is...well, my heart has always been beating for books.
I have had experience of various different volunteering roles at the Horniman, having also spent some weeks in administration. It has been amazing to experience different and sometimes surprising opportunities, but in the end I’m so very glad that this way took me back to books.
The Engage Volunteers’ distinctive polo shirt is a familiar sight at the Horniman. But how does it feel to wear one for the first time? New Volunteer Rory shares his experience.
'A bright flash of turquoise caught my eye. Not the exotic paradise tanager bird on display in the Natural History Gallery, but me as I walked past a mirror. That was when it hit home – I was now an Engage Volunteer.
A Horniman Engage Volunteer shows objects from the Handling Collection to visitors, Sophia Spring
Yes, I’d read all about volunteering on the Horniman’s website. And I’d been to a taster session. But now I had the shirt on, people were going to ask me things. And expect me to know the answers. Gulp.
Purely on a practical level, there’s a lot to learn as a volunteer. Where does this lift go? Do visitors need a ticket for the Aquarium? Where can people leave their buggies?
Then there is learning the names of all the people who make the Museum tick: Security Guards, Visitor Assistants, the Finance and Learning teams – the list goes on.
What concerned me most was the trickier questions I could face. How old is this? Is that real? Are you sure it’sCaribbean, not African?
But I needn’t have worried. A thorough orientation answered all my questions and introduced me to everyone I needed to know.
Then my fellow Volunteers explained exactly what I’d be doing and how to handle the more unusual questions that could come my way.
For most other things there are information sheets. These explain anything from the facts about the objects on the hands-on trolley to how to spot the elusive queen in the Nature Base beehive.
Engage Volunteer helping visitors spot the queen bee in the Nature Base beehive , Sophia Spring
So what was it like to wear the volunteer shirt? When I first put it on I felt conspicuous. A turquoise target. But it didn’t take long for that to change.
As I spent the day chatting about the harvest mice in the Nature Base, explaining the finer points of a sperm whale’s eardrum and getting to know my fellow Volunteers better, I realised two things: it isn’t hard to help people get more from their visit to the Museum; and, far from singling me out, my shirt identified me as part of a team.
Before I knew it, my first day was over. By now I felt comfortable enough in my new shirt to walk home wearing it without a second thought.
Outside, I passed a boy who’d been in the Museum earlier. ‘Mum!’ his excited voice behind me said, ‘Did you see that man’s shirt? I want one!’
I carried on with even more of a spring in my step. Because now I knew that if my shirt made me a target of anything, it was admiration.
The Horniman currently has over 140 volunteers and students who bring huge amounts of enthusiasm, experience and unique perspectives to their roles.
The Volunteer Team help us achieve many amazing things whilst making new friends, learning new skills and having fun along the way. The team is really diverse and includes people of all ages, backgrounds and interests. They volunteer all over the Museum from the Gardens to the curatorial departments to supporting visitors within the galleries.
It is the job of our Volunteer Managers to make sure that the Volunteer team is happy and safe, feels valued and respected and is fully supported to complete and enjoy their roles. Let's introduce you to our Managers...
Hello, my name is Rhiannon and I am the Volunteering Manager. I have been at the Horniman for nearly two years and loved every minute of it! I have the wonderful job of working with colleagues across the Museum to identify new ways to involve volunteers, support them to work with volunteers, and shout out about all their wonderful achievements. This year alone we have celebrated many awards won by the team to recognise their hard work and commitment, they know who they are, but as far as we are concerned the entire team are winners in our eyes.
Rhiannon dressed up at the Horniman Carnival this summer.
Hi, I’m Kate. I’ve been the Volunteering and Engagement Coordinator here for ten months. I was an Engage Volunteer myself between 2012 and 2014 whilst I was teaching and now manage the Engage programme – it’s amazing to see the other side of volunteering at the Horniman. I also support departmental volunteers, manage our student placement programme and facilitate trips and training for the team. I also do my best to spread the word about the incredible skills and knowledge of our volunteer team through regular blog posts on the website.
Kate, back right, on a trip with the Volunteer Team.
I’m Beth, the Youth Engagement and Volunteering Coordinator. One of the main things I do is run the Youth Panel who meet every Thursday to plan events, give consultations and eat an enormous amount of pizza. My average day is pretty varied but usually involves a strong coffee, chatting to teenagers who need some support, lots of meetings, coming up with creative plans to get young people involved with the Museum, and finding ways to make the museum a useful, brilliant place for young people to be. We’re working on ‘Smoke and Mirrors’ at the moment – an amazing live music event for young people, by young people.
Beth and Volunteer Scott pose with their LVMA award certificates.
We have many more colleagues not represented here that provide invaluable support to our volunteers and students, and our heartfelt thanks goes to them. We couldn’t do it alone.
We hope this has given you a bit of insight into what we do at the Horniman. We are always looking for more volunteers, so why not give it a go!
One of our Volunteers, Genevieve, has been inspired by the Horniman collections to make her own animals. Her tiny harvest mouse has stolen our hearts. Find out how she went about making them look realistic.
'Being part of the engage volunteer team, I have been able to encourage children to look more carefully at animals though the handling collection. I’ve also helped them learn by asking them questions and encouraging them to feel and experience the animal. I have seen the wonder and excitement at being able to touch the soft fur of a wild rabbit and the hard sharp teeth of a lion amongst other treasures.
I have also been learning myself about the animals in the Natural History Gallery and the Nature Base. From day one of my Volunteering, I fell in love with the live harvest mice in the Nature Base and rushed home to try and make one of my own.
The inspiration for this felt creation is the harvest mouse in the Horniman Nature Base
I learnt about their prehensile tails which curl around the straw or grass they live in. They make spherical nests which they weave out of dry grass. The lucky Horniman mice have a fantastic home with a couple of tennis balls to hide in, which you can see in their glass case.
I made my own mouse using a wire, felting wool and even some bits of an old brush for whiskers. I wanted him to look like the taxidermy examples in the Museum so I mounted him on some pieces of wheat!
By attaching the felt mouse to straw it makes it look like it is in its natural habitat
One of my favourite animals is the gecko. This is a picture of a family pet, a leopard geko, which I tried to copy.
The pet family leopard gecko
I started with a frame made out of wire to get the general shape of the animal. Then, I wrapped it up with string to make a “bind” just as a taxidermist does. Wool is then wrapped around to build up the body then the process of needle felting helps to add details and definition to the limbs. The needle felting needle has tiny notches along it to help tangle and mesh the wool fibres together.
A wire 'skeleton' lies at the heart of the animal and is covered in felt
I used glass beads as eyes. I tried to get all the spot patterns to match the photograph of the real gecko. I also used the exhibits in the gallery to check to see that I had the gecko leg shapes correct and found out about a gecko which can fly!
The finished felt geko
Another felt creation - a polar bear
I have just been given a full fleece of Jacob’s sheep wool and will try to copy some of the skills of the nomadic people by wet felting the wool to make some slippers for winter! You can see some Inuit socks on the Horniman website which are made by wet felting. This fabric is still made into objects such as hats, clothing, tents, bags and rugs.'
Our Community Learning Volunteer, Jingsi Wang, tells us about her summer placement at the Horniman.
‘If you visited the Horniman this summer, you might have seen someone carrying a magnetic board and asking families to take part in a survey – that was me.
My student work placement at the Horniman was spent with the Community Learning Department helping to complete an evaluation for the summer activity sessions.
There were five different activity sessions in the 2016 summer programme: Horniman Explorers, A World of Stories, Big Wednesdays, Horniman Wildlife and Art and Craft.
How did I do the evaluation?
To evaluate the session, I collected the opinions and feedback from families taking part. Our focus was on the learning outcomes of each session – whether people gained a closer connection with the Horniman’s collections and whether they learnt about different cultures and the wider world.
To see if these learning objections were achieved, we came up with two evaluation methods: Bullseye and the Inspiration Wall.
Bullseye was the main method of evaluation. It was a large piece of paper with a black-and-white bullseye pattern stuck onto a magnetic board. The disc was divided into six equal sections and each section represented one question or statement from our learning objectives.
Visitors used magnets as their ‘darts’ on the disc. On a scale of one to five – one is the top and five is the lowest – the closer they put the magnets to the centre, the more they enjoyed themselves.
Some learning objections can’t be examined by scoring, for instance, there’s one which is ‘encouraging curiosity and self-led discovery’. This is where the Inspiration Wall played its part. The Inspiration Wall is a flipchart board with an open-ended question on the top. People were invited to write their answers on the paper.
We tried to ensure that each session was evaluated equally. Now the summer has come to an end, all the statistics will be analysed to help us understand the strengths and limitations of the learning outcomes.
People at the Horniman are really nice and helpful – both visitors and everyone in the office and I was happy to experience every session of the whole summer programme during this evaluation. I learnt a lot during the process, such as the importance of adjusting and always having a Plan B. The best part of this student placement is that I was given the opportunity to put theory into practice and get a deeper understanding of how it feels to work in a museum.
I have had various volunteering experiences before but this is my first time doing something so specific, focused and consistent in a museum. This summer has shown me the whole process of the initiating, growing and completing the evaluation of the summer programme at the Horniman, from the very beginning until the end – a challenging yet worthwhile task.
I always say that I could not think of any better way to spend my summer than doing my student placement here at the Horniman. This summer may have come to an end, but it is really just another beginning!’
What is Community Engagement and why is it important for Museums? Our volunteer Holly investigates.
Community Engagement is an important part of the work the Horniman does to ensure it is an accessible and inclusive place for all. So when there was a space for a volunteer on the Community Engagement training day, I jumped at the chance to attend.
The day is designed to equip community group leaders with the skills required to confidently lead visits to the museum and run projects or activities linked to the collection. It was useful to hear the group leaders explain what they would need to run a successful session, as well as seeing how the Horniman is able to shape its services to accommodate the needs of community groups. This flexibility is essential; each community group has differing requirements, and fixed offerings typically won’t work for every group.
During the training day we had to think on our feet and test our creativity. In the Hands on Base we explored the large collection of objects available for visitors to handle. In the galleries we designed our own themed tour of the museum, including potential activities, for a community group visit. These activities encouraged us to identify questions and opinions about objects, make connections between objects, and create our own journey through the museum.
This community group are exploring talking drums in the Hands on Base.
As a volunteer, I learnt more about how the museum works and gained an insight into the community groups it partners with. This has increased my confidence as a volunteer, giving me new ideas on how to present the objects in the handling collection and how to engage visitors.
Since completing the training, I’ve volunteered at several Community Engagement sessions and no two sessions are alike. Participating in a costume workshop, making Carnival crowns with the Indoamerican Refugee and Migrant Organisation, was a great excuse to explore my own creativity while volunteering. I quickly realised there’s countless ways to make a Carnival crown, and just as many ways to learn from other people’s creative ingenuity.
Colourful Brazilian crowns made during community group activity sessions were then worn at the Horniman Carnival on 4 September.
At a Redstart Arts artist-led exhibit, I got to help showcase the participating artists’ work which was inspired by the Horniman’s collection. Seeing the artworks side by side with the objects that inspired them encourages visitors to see both in a different way. It connects people with the collection, making the objects more accessible sources of inspiration - something to interact with and not only see on display. It also helps to show the many ways people experience the museum and engage with the collections.
This Redstart Arts workshop saw community groups making sculptures inspired by the Horniman collection.
While each session is different, there have been a few constants from my experiences with Community Engagement. I’ve met a wide range of people including the community groups, museum staff, local artists and volunteers working with the groups. It’s an enjoyable way to improve my confidence and volunteering ability, and a great insight into how museums can help change people’s lives.
We handed our precious Twitter account over to our Youth Panel for the day.
The 12 August 2016 was Teen Twitter Takeover, where cultural and heritage organisations across the UK handed their Twitter feeds over to teenagers using the hashtag #takeoverday.
This year, 73 museums were involved – and we were one of them.
The Youth Panel decided at one of their regular meetings that for this year's Teen Twitter Takeover they wanted to hunt for Pokémon.
The group were interested in using the platform to show how this popular game can link to the Horniman collections by finding objects throughout the museum and gardens that look like the characters in the game.
So, at 12pm we gathered with the Youth Panel and gave them two iPads set up with the Horniman Twitter account.
The group started by asking people to tweet in a name or picture of a Pokémon. They were inundated with tweets asking for Evees and Pikachus almost immediately.
The next step was to find objects IRL (in real life) that looked like these Pokémon.
Luckily, the team know the Horniman really well and knew where to go to find foxes, masks and garden plants. The teens are also very Twitter-savvy and so took to the game like a Magicarp to water. The group were great at using the hashtag to interact with other museums throughout the day.
They also managed to squeeze in some interesting facts about the objects they were taking pictures of. Our Deputy Keeper of Natural History, Emma, was on hand to give the team more information about the animals - for example, did you know the Bittern is one of the rarest birds in the Uk and in its native Norfolk lands is also known as a Butterbump?
Our Youth Volunteering Co-ordinator, Beth Atkinson, said ‘This year’s IRL Pokehunt for #takeoverday was ace. The Youth Panel excelled themselves yet again in coming up with such a hilarious idea, running around like human Zigzagoons and making it actually happen! Well done guys!’
Robin Strub, our Anthropology Volunteer, has been looking into the Horniman's collection of charms.
Have you ever wondered how the Horniman got its objects?
Who brought them here, and why?
I’m here to help answer some of those questions! I volunteer in Anthropology’s collection of English charms and amulets, which has a lot of pieces from a man named Alfred William Rowlett.
He came from the Cambridgeshire town of St Neots and, between 1904 and 1933, he sold the Horniman dozens of items that he had found as part of his town’s rural culture.
What do you think of when you look at the objects in the Horniman’s cases? What do you imagine of the people who collected them?
Do you think of a Victorian, professorial man with a tweed jacket and pipe?
How about a Victorian dustman with a bin and broom?
From St. Neots The History of a Huntingdonshire Town, 1978
This picture is of Rowlett, who worked as a Dustman for the local government. Bert Goodwin, a historian and local of St Neots, remembers Rowlett, and wrote about him for the St Neots Local History Magazine’s 2011-12 winter edition, including this picture of Rowlett and his dustbin making his rounds.
When looking up Rowlett in the 1881 Census I found he was in work as a labourer by the time he was 13. He went on to become a businessman, as well as a Dustman, with an antiques shop, and worked with the Horniman in a professional capacity. He even had his own official stationery that he used to write letters and invoices to the Horniman! Here is how his letterhead looked:
We don’t know how Rowlett started working with the Horniman but as a local, he had specialist knowledge and access to his community. This was undoubtedly part of the benefit of the Horniman doing business with him. In a letter dated 6 May 1907, Rowlett noted that ‘my business is to find out and get all the necessary information I can get’ on objects destined for the Museum.
His research is still important for the Horniman, as the things we know about the objects he sourced came via his connections. The information would otherwise have been lost without his detailed descriptors.
Here is what he wrote about a ‘Spinning Jenny’ (object number 7.199) as an example, with a transcription beneath.
used at Easton Socon, Beds for Raffling oranges sweets & home made cakes at Holiday times & festivals with an original charm against the children in getting to high a number so as to benefit the owner of Spinning Jenny
used by Mrs Newton at home and village feasts in & Round Bedfordshire Cambs & Hunts
1856 half penny a spin
This is how the Spinning Jenny works:
You can see a piece of orange flint tied to the device - that’s the charm.
We know what that flint was for thanks to Rowlett, as well as precise details about how the Spinning Jenny is used. (I thought the owner would’ve been caught out by cheating, but my Curator figured out that if you keep the stone against your palm and hold out the Spinning Jenny, nobody can see that you have it in your hand!)
Rowlett would also make handwritten labels for artefacts that were entering the collection, and many of his labels are still stored with the objects. This is an example for number 9.41 in our collection, a wood pigeon’s foot that was used to ward off cramp.
A lot of the charms that Rowlett brought us are things from the natural world that people associated with various curative powers.
It may seem strange today, but the idea was that wood pigeons never get foot cramps. If I carry a wood pigeon’s foot, maybe that will protect me too. If you have ever heard of someone carrying a lucky rabbit’s foot, it’s not too far a leap from practices today.
Rowlett’s community of St Neots still remembers him as someone to go to for these kinds of all-natural remedies for health problems.
Local historian Rosa Young transcribed several adverts from a 1900 issue of a local paper for the St Neots Local History Magazine’s, which included an old advert that Rowlett had put in the paper for his own special patent medicine. It cured everything (naturally) but Rowlett’s neighbours did come to him seeking his medical expertise.
Bert Goodwin, the local historian who photographed Rowlett, recounts that when he was a child he had a wart on his knee cured by Rowlett,
He cut a small twig from a bush which he called ‘Joseph’s Thorn’, which he shaped into a spatula, and then made his mark on the wart X. “There,” he said, “it will be gone by the next full moon.” Strangely enough, I forgot about it, but when I next looked it had gone.
Because of Rowlett’s work at St Neots, the local historical society put up a Blue Plaque for him.
Thanks to Eatons Community Association
Like the wood pigeon’s foot above, many of the objects that Rowlett brought to the Horniman were considered to have health benefits. The charms I’m studying were used by real people who believed in them, and used them to solve a variety of different problems. Ironically, Rowlett – with his Joseph’s Thorn for curing warts – thought that some of the charms’ owners were ‘eccentric’!
I don’t know about you, but I have lucky charms. Millions of people all over the world believe in the power of objects and in 2018, the Horniman will open a new gallery where you will be able to find charms from all around the world, including those collected by Rowlett!
If you’d like to see what Rowlett brought to the Horniman, and 2018 is too long to wait, you can find all of Rowlett’s objects online.
Our Student Volunteer, Liberté Reilly, tell us about her placement in our Communications and Income Generation department.
'Hello! This is Liberté, and I am doing a Student Volunteer placement here at the Horniman Museum and Gardens. This placement is an important part of my Masters of Museum Studies program that I am currently completing at the University College London. It means that I can get real world experience as well as spending ridiculous amounts of hours in the library.
For this placement, I am stationed in the CIG department. Most of you may not know about CIG. CIG stands for Communications and Income Generation. When it comes to museums, most people don’t always realise how they fund, organise, and promote all their exciting events, new objects, and special projects. That’s where we come in! CIG is where projects (and dreams!) become reality.
My volunteering role is specifically with the membership and fundraising team in CIG. I have been updating membership files and connecting Gift Aid forms with members. Gift aid is a really amazing government charity tax relief program that allows the Museum to gain 25% more per donation. You only have to be a UK taxpayer and fill out a simple form. Say someone donates £10 and completes a Gift Aid form - the museum would receive £12.50. Pretty cool, right?
With the fundraising team, I have been researching different trusts and funding bodies who would be interested in the Horniman Aquarium’s Project Coral.
If you haven’t heard of Project Coral you should check it out! Simply put, Project Coral is about finding the right conditions in a lab to create baby corals. In the wild, corals only reproduce once or twice a year under very specific conditions. The three person team here did a world first when they intentionally spawned broadcast corals in captivity in 2013. The project is ongoing and could really help coral and climate change researchers, aquariums and all the people and marine life who depend on coral reefs.
Along with researching possible funders, I have been learning about corals and have even started writing applications for the project.
Another of my tasks has been to research online donation aka those little donate buttons you find on charity websites. I looked into where those links went and compiled a report about the online donation sites and how they worked. My report included a series of recommendations for how the Horniman could use these sites for general donations and special projects (like Project Coral!).
The best part about CIG, and the Horniman, is how passionate everyone is! As part of CIG, we get to hear about all the cool projects, ideas and events from all the interesting people who work across the Horniman. Many of these are upcoming or still in development.
I hope now you’ll think of the CIG team when you see beautiful videos about the Museum, browse in the shop, go to an event, discover new objects in the collection or become a member! Don’t forget to Gift Aid it!'
Think Moths are dull? Think again! Our volunteer, May, tells us how surprising and beautiful these creatures can be. In her first blog, May tells us all about the Hawkmoth.
'My name is May and I have just graduated from University where I studied Biology. I have been volunteering at the Horniman for just over a year and insects are my passion! I have been fortunate to work on the insect collection alongside the Horniman’s Keeper of Natural History, Jo Hatton. My main task as a volunteer is capturing data about the collections. I ensure each specimen has been electronically recorded with its own unique identification number and make sure this is associated with all of that specimens’ data including the date the specimen was collected, the species name and its locality.
Fact File: Elephant Hawkmoth (Deilephila elpenor)
Did you know? The Elephant Hawkmoth gets its name from its caterpillar’s resemblance to an elephant’s trunk. These caterpillars have four eye-spots which startle and warn off predators. The adult moths are more vibrantly coloured, though the specimens shown here have faded slightly with age.
Fact File: Privet Hawkmoth (Sphinx ligustri)
Did you know? The Privet Hawk moth is the largest Hawkmoth found in the UK with a wingspan of up to 12cm. As caterpillars, they feed on Privet bushes and it this foodplant gives the species its name.
As a keen entomologist (someone who studies insects), I feel that the beauty of moths often goes unnoticed, probably due to the fact that most species are nocturnal, which can make them harder for us to spot. The occasional drab species that finds its way into the bathroom is often the only time we get to encounter moths up close.
But not all moths are brown, despite what many people think! There are over 2,500 species of moth in the UK. My favourites belong to the family Sphingidae, commonly known as the Hawkmoths. These moths have earned their name through their fast, powerful flight and incredible night vision. The two specimens above are examples of Hawkmoths found within the UK. Both species share a vibrant pink colouration which is rarely seen in moths. This allows them to be easily identified.
I’ve been lucky enough to see some of these remarkable moths first hand, through my moth trap. I received a moth trap for my 13th birthday and it is the best present I have ever gotten to this day. A moth trap is a closed square box with a mercury light bulb that emits a very bright light. The inside of the trap is lined with empty egg boxes for the moths to settle on. Attracted by the light, moths fly in through a small gap in the centre of the trap, but are often unable to find their way out again. Instead they settle on the egg boxes for the rest of the night. When you check the trap in the morning, you can then see all the moths resting among the egg boxes and then release them once they’ve been identified and counted.
I remember the first time I caught a Privet Hawk-moth in my moth trap. I was completely taken by their beauty, and fascinated by their almost fluorescent pink colour. I could see my neighbour peering over the garden fence trying to work out what I was looking at. I took the moth over to her and she gasped and exclaimed “It’s almost as big as your hand! I didn’t know moths could be so bright! It is beautiful.” We both watched as the moth flew away, perfectly demonstrating its powerful flight and resembling a hawk in the sky. I was so pleased to have had the opportunity to show someone how beautiful moths can be and to convert her perceptions of moths being dull!
If you want to learn more about these fascinating insects head to the UK moths website to explore the diversity of moths that you can find in your own backyard!
Below are images of an Elephant Hawkmoth that I caught whilst running a moth trap in my garden.'
Share your moth pictures with us using the hashtag #horniman on Instagram and Twitter.